Memory consumption: QtWebKit->compare(WebKit1, WebKit2, SystemMalloc, TCmalloc)

Last year I got a Nokia N9 on Qt Developer Days, it's a great mobile phone, I really like it, but I haven't published any memory measurement results about it yet. In my last post I did WebKit memory profiling on it with Valgrind, but it was all about heap usage. I think a number of persons are interested in the overall memory usage such as peak memory usage, the sizes of the used libraries, etc. During QtWebKit's life-cycle we switch from one library to another, usually because of performance considerations. In the past we do not take too much attention to memory consumption-related topics while switching between libraries, although it would be very vital to keep eye on this area as well.

Heap usage of QtWebKit

In this post I would like to share with you one of my latest memory consumption measurements about the heap usage of QtWebKit.
We have a nice extension for Valgrind called Freya which is capable of measuring used memory in per directory. So, I decided to make measurements about the distribution of memory consumption in JavaScriptCore and WebCore and publish the results about the peak memory usage and the overall memory usage.

What is happening with the memory consumption of WebKit on 64 bit?

64 bit systems allow allocating more memory, but this extra space has a trade-of: the pointers are grown to 64 bit wide which increases the total memory consumption. Ever wondered about the price of 64 bit? Well, you can find comparisons here about some popular pages on the Qt port of WebKit. Furthermore, we offer some CSS subsystem related comparisons at the end of the post.

WebKit2 - Memory consumption of Process Models vol. #1

A long time has passed since I’ve written, but lately I did some interesting memory consumption measurements on QtWebKit’s WebKit2 implementation. First, let’s talk a little about WebKit2’s process models. There are 2 process models in WebKit (more precisely, there are 3, but for now I don’t take with thread-based solutions into account): the default is the secondary process model, and we can easily switch to shared process model as well. Balazs experienced with a third one called service model which works like a classic server-client connection.

War of allocators: TLSF in action

The main focus of my next experiment is yet another allocator called TLSF (Two-Level Segregate Fit). Based on the info published on its website, TLSF has bounded response time, efficient allocation methods which are fast enough, and it has efficient memory usage. Furthermore, the site promises quite good memory fragmentation values. Can it demonstrate all this inside WebKit?

War of allocators: hoard or hoards?

I found Emery Berger's allocator called hoard. Hoard's homepage holds out some promising general qualities (fast, scalable, and memory-efficient) about the allocator, do we need more than this? I tried out how it performs in WebKit.

War of allocators: The QtLauncher's coast

After I benchmarked JavaScriptCore with our new participant called DLmalloc, it has been suggested to test it with QtLauncher also. I compiled DLmalloc in thread-safe mode (USE_LOCKS=1), so it became capable to serve WebCore's memory requests. Perhaps, another solution could have been to turn off every use of threads in QtLauncher/WebCore, but I think this would be a lucky approach...

War of allocators in JavaScriptCore: another participant

There are a lot of custom allocators in the world, so let's try another promising one, called DLmalloc. It was made by Doug Lea. I've put DLmalloc into JavaScriptCore with the help of the custom allocation framework. I tested DLmalloc only in JavaScriptCore, because it didn't work well with QtWebKit's multi-threaded features. The measurements have been made with QtWebKit, running on x86 Debian-Lenny.


War of allocators: The field of Workers

Since, two of our tested allocators - TCmalloc, JEmalloc - benefit in multi-threaded environment, I did some benchmark which uses threading effectively. I run 2 instances of each popular benchmarks simultaneously with the help of JavaScript workers. I benchmarked on Linux-Qt port of WebKit and used official r54475 revision. All measurements were running in QtLauncher and did minimal painting only.

War of allocators in JavaScriptCore

JEmalloc is a highly scalable memory allocator made by Jason Evans. This is the default allocator of the FreeBSD operating system and Firefox's Linux/Windows versions, but how does it perform in WebKit?
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